Vegetables - Plants - Fruits - Seeds - Bread - Herbs - Spices
Eat the Rainbow
is a plant grown for food that can be eaten either raw or cooked, plays an
important role in human nutrition, being mostly low in fat and
carbohydrates, but high in
, minerals and
. Many nutritionists encourage people to consume
plenty of fruit and vegetables, five or more portions a day often being
recommended. The original meaning of the word vegetable, still
used in biology, was to describe all types of plant, as in the terms
"vegetable kingdom" and "vegetable matter".
List of Leaf Vegetables
of Root Vegetables
is the practice of abstaining from the
consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any
other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal
is both the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products,
particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the
commodity status of animals. A follower of either the diet or the
philosophy is known as a vegan (pronounced VEE-gon).
Vegetarian Body Building
is a diet that combines the concepts of
veganism and raw foodism. It excludes all food and products of animal
origin, as well as food cooked at a temperature above 48 °C (118 °F). A
raw vegan diet includes raw vegetables and fruits, nuts and nut pastes,
grain and legume sprouts, seeds, plant oils, sea vegetables, herbs,
mushrooms, and fresh juices. There are many different versions of the
diet, including fruitarianism, juicearianism, and sproutarianism.
is the dietary practice of eating only uncooked, unprocessed foods.
Depending on the philosophy, or type of lifestyle and results desired, raw
food diets may include a selection of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds,
eggs, fish, meat and dairy products.
Keep Veggies FreshVertical Gardens
is a diet of any animal
(including humans) based on foods derived from plants, including
vegetables, whole grains, legumes and fruits, but with few or no animal
products. The use of the phrase has changed over time, and examples can be
found of the phrase "plant-based diet" being used to refer to vegan diets,
which contain no food from animal sources, to vegetarian diets which
include eggs and dairy but no meat, and to diets with varying amounts of
animal-based foods, such as semi-vegetarian diets which contain small
amounts of meat.
are eating patterns based on looking at the impact that food consumption
has on planetary resources and attempting to create healthy eating
patterns that can promote the needs of the environment, society, and the
economy. This growing body of research is recognised by a variety of
international bodies such as the United Nations Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
refers to the moral consequences of food choices, both those made by
humans for themselves and those made for food animals. Common concerns are
damage to the environment, exploitive labor practices, food shortages for
others, inhumane treatment of food animals, and the unintended effects of
food policy. Ethical eating is a type of ethical consumerism.
is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by
(collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in
contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated
species. Hunting and gathering was humanity's first and most successful
adaptation, occupying at least 90 percent of human history. Following the
invention of agriculture, hunter-gatherers who did not change have been
displaced or conquered by farming or pastoralist groups in most parts of
the world. Only a few contemporary societies are classified as
hunter-gatherers, and many supplement their foraging activity with
horticulture and/or keeping animals.
10,000 BC to 7,000 BC
is a diet that is plant-based with the occasional inclusion of meat
is the practice of following a diet that includes fish or other seafood,
but not the flesh of other animals. Most pescetarians maintain a lacto-ovo
vegetarian diet with the addition of fish and shellfish.
Plant Based Protein
List of Meat Substitutes
In Vitro Meat
SuperMeat - Cultured
is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It has
two main components: Soluble fiber
, which dissolves in water, is readily
fermented in the colon into gases and physiologically active byproducts,
and can be prebiotic and viscous.Insoluble fiber
, which does not
dissolve in water, is metabolically inert and provides bulking, or it can
be prebiotic and metabolically
ferment in the large intestine. Bulking fibers absorb water as they move
through the digestive system, easing defecation. Dietary fibers can act by
changing the nature of the contents of the
changing how other nutrients and chemicals are absorbed. Some types of
soluble fiber absorb water to become a gelatinous, viscous substance which
is fermented by bacteria in the digestive tract. Some types of insoluble
fiber have bulking action and are not fermented. Lignin, a major dietary
insoluble fiber source, may alter the rate and metabolism of soluble
fibers. Other types of insoluble fiber, notably resistant starch, are
. Some but
not all soluble plant fibers block intestinal mucosal adherence and
translocation of potentially pathogenic bacteria and may therefore
modulate intestinal inflammation, an effect that has been termed
fiber consists of non-starch polysaccharides such as arabinoxylans,
cellulose, and many other plant components such as resistant starch,
resistant dextrins, inulin, lignin, chitins, pectins, beta-glucans, and
oligosaccharides. A novel position has been adopted by the US Department
of Agriculture to include functional fibers as isolated fiber sources that
may be included in the diet. The term "fiber" is something of a misnomer,
since many types of so-called dietary fiber are not actually fibrous. Food
sources of dietary fiber are often divided according to whether they
provide (predominantly) soluble or insoluble fiber. Plant foods contain
both types of fiber in varying degrees, according to the plant's
characteristics. Advantages of consuming fiber are the production of
healthful compounds during the fermentation of soluble fiber, and
insoluble fiber's ability (via its passive hygroscopic properties) to
increase bulk, soften stool, and shorten transit time through the
intestinal tract. A disadvantage of a diet high in fiber is the potential
for significant intestinal gas production and bloating.
are substances produced by living organisms that have a color
resulting from selective color absorption. Biological pigments include
plant pigments and flower pigments. Many biological structures, such as
skin, eyes, feathers, fur and hair contain pigments such as
melanin in specialized cells
. Pigment color differs from structural color in
that it is the same for all viewing angles, whereas structural color is
the result of selective reflection or iridescence, usually because of
multilayer structures. For example, butterfly wings typically contain
structural color, although many butterflies have cells that contain
pigment as well. The primary function of pigments in plants is
photosynthesis, which uses the green pigment
chlorophyll along with
several red and yellow pigments that help to capture as much light energy
is a term used for several closely related green pigments
found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
Chlorophyll is essential in photosynthesis, allowing plants to absorb
energy from light. Chlorophyll absorbs light most strongly in the blue
portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, followed by the red portion.
Health benefits are
that it helps in normal
blood clotting, wound healing, hormonal balance, deodorizing and
detoxification of the body and promotes digestive health. It has healing
effects on oxidation and inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and
is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
Lutein is synthesized only by plants and like other xanthophylls is found
in high quantities in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale and
yellow carrots. In green plants, xanthophylls act to modulate light energy
and serve as non-photochemical quenching agents to deal with triplet
chlorophyll (an excited form of chlorophyll), which is overproduced at
very high light levels, during photosynthesis.
are yellow pigments that occur widely in nature and form
one of two major divisions of the carotenoid group; the other division is
formed by the carotenes.
Eat a varied mix of veggies that includes dark leafy greens,
orange and yellow vegetables, and beans.
Growing your own Food
Preserving your Food
Adults Meeting Fruit and Vegetable Intake Recommendations —
United States, 2013
New School Meal Regulations Increase Fruit Consumption and Do
Not Increase Total Plate Waste
School-Level Practices to Increase Availability of Fruits,
Vegetables, and Whole Grains, and Reduce Sodium in School Meals
— United States, 2000, 2006, and 2014
Potatoes and Tomatoes Account for Over Half of U.S. Vegetable
Potatoes, tomatoes, and lettuce make up close to 60 percent of
U.S. vegetable and legume availability
My City Kitchen
teaches kids about food, food products and healthy eating habits.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Adults Meeting
Fruit and Vegetable Intake Recommendations — US, 2013
Healthfulness of the U.S. Food Supply Little Improvement Despite
Decades of Dietary Guidance
3 cups of vegetables a day
Lowering the price of fruits and vegetables by 30 percent can
save nearly 200,000 lives over 15 years. Lower prices for fruits
and vegetables meant better health across the population,
regardless of age, gender, race and ethnicity.
EPI|LIFESTYLE 2016 Scientific Sessions
Prevention | Lifestyle and
March 1 – 4, 2016 Hyatt Regency | Phoenix, AZ
The International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural
Commodities and Trade
The U.S. currently spends close to $100 billion per year on food
and farm programs.
The Healthy Incentives Pilot (HIP)
HIP households spent more SNAP benefits on targeted fruits and
vegetables than non-HIP households in participating supermarkets
2015 G A P Analysis
The Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Challenge: How Federal
Spending Falls Short of Addressing Public Health Needs.
Tomatoes and Health
2013 Consumption Report
Raw for 30 Days
Raw Food Life
Eating Would Slash Food's
Global Warming Emissions
and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by as
much as $570 billion. By eating less meat and more fruit and vegetables,
the world could prevent several million deaths per year by 2050,
said Dietary shifts could produce
savings of $700 billion to $1 trillion per year on healthcare costs.
Photos of what People Eat around the World
School Lunches in other Countries
Grow Your Own - Pick Your Own
Grow your own Fruits & Vegetables.
Many fresh and nutritious fruits and vegetables can spring from a couple
of packs of seeds. Use pots if you don’t have space for a garden. Try
indoor pots or greenhouse growing for the cooler months. If you
can’t eat all the food you have grown yourself, pass it along to
friends, family or your local food bank. Even if you fail to harvest the
complete crop at its peak, it can still be fed to the chickens or
composted so it doesn’t really go to waste.
Pick your own! Late
summer or early fall is a great time to pick your own
vegetables. This can be a fun and cheap way to buy in bulk and freeze,
can, or dry for later.
Seeds, Nuts, Legumes
is a plant or fruit/seed in the
family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae). Legumes are grown agriculturally,
primarily for their grain seed called pulse, for livestock forage and
silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure. Well-known legumes include
alfalfa, clover, peas, beans, lentils, lupin bean, mesquite, carob,
soybeans, peanuts, and tamarind. A legume fruit is a simple dry fruit that
develops from a simple carpel and usually dehisces (opens along a seam) on
two sides. A common name for this type of fruit is a pod, although the
term "pod" is also applied to a few other fruit types, such as that of
vanilla (a capsule) and of radish (a silique). Legumes are notable in that
most of them have symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in structures called
root nodules. For that reason, they play a key role in crop rotation.
(beans, peas, lentils, soybeans).
is the name for the viscous water in which legume
seeds such as chickpeas have been cooked. Due to its ability to mimic
functional properties of egg whites, aquafaba can be used as a direct
replacement for egg whites in some recipes. Its composition makes it
especially suitable for use by people with dietary, ethical, or religious
reasons to avoid eggs.
is a fruit composed of a
hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible. In a general context,
however, a wide variety of dried seeds are called nuts, but in a botanical
context, there is an additional requirement that the shell does not open
to release the seed (indehiscent). The translation of "nut" in certain
languages frequently requires paraphrases, as the word is ambiguous. Most
seeds come from fruits that naturally free themselves from the shell,
unlike nuts such as hazelnuts, chestnuts, and acorns, which have hard
shell walls and originate from a compound ovary. The general and original
usage of the term is less restrictive, and many nuts (in the culinary
sense), such as almonds, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, and Brazil nuts, are
not nuts in a botanical sense. Common usage of the term often refers to
any hard-walled, edible kernel as a nut.
Seeds that are
Chia seeds, Hemp Seeds, Pomegranate Seeds,
Flax Seeds, Pumpkin Seeds,
apricot Seeds, Sesame Seeds, Sunflower
Seeds, Cumin Seeds, Grape Seeds.
Seeds for Planting
"No it's not a
which are enlarged structures in some plant species used as storage organs
for nutrients. They are used for the plant's perennation (survival of the
winter or dry months), to provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during
the next growing season, and as a means of asexual reproduction. Stem
tubers form from thickened rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons
(horizontal connections between organisms). Common plant species with stem
tubers include potato and yam. Some sources also treat modified lateral
roots (root tubers) under the definition; these are encountered in sweet
potato, cassava, and dahlia.Storage Organ
is a part of a
specifically modified for storage of
(generally in the form of
) or water
organs often grow underground, where they are better protected from attack
. Plants that have an underground storage organ are called
geophytes in the
Raunkiær plant life-form classification system
. Storage organs often,
but not always, act as
which enable plants to survive adverse conditions
(such as cold, excessive heat, lack of light or drought)
is the common name for the cooking liquid of beans and other legumes like
chickpeas. Aquafaba can be used to replace egg whites in many sweet and
savory recipes. Its unique mix of starches, proteins, and other soluble
plant solids which have migrated from the seeds to the water during the
cooking process gives aquafaba a wide spectrum of emulsifying, foaming,
binding, gelatinizing and thickening properties. Recipes such as
meringues, mayo, butter, cheeses, pavlovas, macarons, baked
much, much more! Gum acts as a stabilizer, preventing emulsified sauces
and salad dressings from separating.
is the seed-bearing structure in
flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after
flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds.
Edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans
and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and
nutrition; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on
fruits as a source of food. Accordingly, fruits account for a substantial
fraction of the world's agricultural output, and some (such as the apple
and the pomegranate) have acquired extensive cultural and symbolic
is a diet that consists
entirely or primarily of fruits in the botanical sense, and possibly nuts
and seeds, without animal products.
is a subset of dietary veganism.
Fruit & Vegetable Differences
is the largest edible fruit
indigenous to the U.S.
is a flowering tree in the mulberry and Jackfruit family (Moraceae)
originating in the South Pacific and that
was eventually spread to the
rest of Oceania. It requires very limited care. Breadfruit trees grow to a
height of 25 m (82 ft). The trees are monoecious, with male and female
flowers growing on the same tree. Breadfruit is one of the
highest-yielding food plants, with a single tree producing up to 200 or
more grapefruit-sized fruits per season. Productivity varies between wet
and dry areas. (50 to 150 fruits per year) Breadfruit is 71% water,
27% carbohydrates, 1% protein and negligible in fat (20% vitamin C,
(10-19% DV) of thiamin and potassium. Breadfruit can be eaten once cooked.
plant bears flowers and fruits all year round,
reaches maturity in about 18 months, then yields between 4 and 8 kg (8.8
and 17.6 lb) of fruit every month throughout the year. It is tolerant of
saline soils, drought conditions, and secondary soils. English common
names include great morinda, Indian mulberry, noni, beach mulberry, and
Blending - Juicing
Fruit & Veggie Smoothies
FreshStax: Smoothies That Do Good.
Bare Salad & Smoothie
Green and Tonic
JUISIR is an innovative cold press juicer
requiring no cleaning.
Juicero juice packs
could be squeezed by hand without using its high-tech machine. (company
Ready-to-blend Healthy smoothies delivered to your door.
Ample Meal: Optimal Nutrition in 1 Minute
Conscious Cleanse - Vibrant Health On Demand
is a kitchen and laboratory appliance used to mix, purée, or emulsify food
and other substances. A stationary blender consists of a blender jar with
a rotating metal blade at the bottom, powered by an electric motor in the
base. Some powerful models can also crush ice. The newer immersion blender
configuration has a motor on top connected by a shaft to a rotating blade
at the bottom, which can be used with any container.
similar to blenders in many forms. The primary
difference is that food processors use interchangeable blades and disks
(attachments) rather than a fixed blade. Also, their bowls are wider and
shorter, a more proper shape for the solid or semi-solid foods usually
worked in a food processor. Usually, little or no liquid is required in
the operation of the food processor, unlike a blender, which requires a
certain amount of liquid for the particles to move around the blade.
is a tool used to extract juice from fruits, herbs, leafy greens and other
types of vegetables in a process called juicing. It crushes, grinds,
and/or squeezes the juice out of the pulp.
dish made by boiling ground, crushed, or chopped starchy plants -
typically grain - in water and/or milk, often with flavorings. It is
usually served hot in a bowl. It may be sweetened with sugar, honey etc.
and served as a sweet dish, or
mixed with spices, vegetables etc. to
make a savoury dish.
is a term used to describe foods with more health benefits
then average food. But just like all
, Buyer Beware. Just
because something is said to be better for you this does not mean that it
will be better for you. Do your
research and experiment
with different foods as if you were a scientist. Know your
. And remember that everyone
has their own particular needs.
protein than yogurt, more calcium than milk, more B vitamins than peanuts,
more potassium than bananas, and more vitamin A than carrots? May also
help reduce urges and certain addictions?
How Much Arsenic
Apple Cider Vinegar
Khorasan Kamut Wheat
Super Foods RX
Worlds Healthiest Foods
Natures Health Foods
Top 200 Food Sources
is a staple food
prepared from a dough of
, usually by baking.
Throughout recorded history it has been popular around the world and is
one of the oldest artificial foods, having been of importance since the
dawn of agriculture. Proportions of types of flour and other ingredients
vary widely, as do modes of preparation. As a result, types, shapes,
sizes, and textures of breads differ around the world. Bread may be
leavened by processes such as reliance on naturally occurring sourdough
microbes, chemicals, industrially produced yeast, or high-pressure
aeration. Some bread is cooked before it can leaven, including for
traditional or religious reasons. Non-cereal ingredients such as fruits,
nuts and fats may be included. Commercial bread commonly contains
additives to improve flavor, texture, color, shelf life, and ease of
manufacturing. Bread is served in various forms with any meal of the day.
It is eaten as a snack, and used as an ingredient in other culinary
preparations, such as sandwiches, and fried items coated in bread crumbs
to prevent sticking. It forms the bland main component of bread pudding,
as well as of stuffings designed to fill cavities or retain juices that
otherwise might drip out. Bread has a social and emotional significance
beyond its importance as nourishment. It plays essential roles in
religious rituals and secular culture. Its prominence in daily life is
reflected in language, where it appears in proverbs, colloquial
expressions ("He stole the bread from my mouth"), in prayer ("Give us this
day our daily bread") and in the etymology of words, such as "companion"
(from Latin com "with" + panis "bread").
is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it
constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people,
supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a
significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well. The
staple food of a specific society may be eaten as often as every day or
every meal, and most people live on a diet based on just a small number of
Why Bread is Bad
Sandwich's making you Stupid
How Much Arsenic is in your Rice
Does growing food
heavy metals and toxins absorbed by food when it is grown in
are any plants used for food,
flavoring, medicine, or fragrances for their savory or aromatic
properties. Culinary use typically distinguishes herbs from spices. Herbs
refer to the leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or
dried), while spices are produced from other parts of the plant (usually
dried), including seeds, berries, bark, roots and fruits. In botanical
English, the word "herb" is also used as a synonym of "herbaceous plant".
Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, and in some
cases, spiritual. General usage of the term "herb" differs between
culinary herbs and medicinal herbs. In medicinal or spiritual use any of
the parts of the plant might be considered "herbs", including leaves,
roots, flowers, seeds, root bark, inner bark (and cambium), resin and
is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of botany for
such use. Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much
of human history, and such traditional medicine is still widely practiced
today. Modern medicine recognizes herbalism as a form of alternative
medicine, as the practice of herbalism is not strictly based on evidence
gathered using the scientific method. Modern medicine, does, however, make
use of many plant-derived compounds as the basis for evidence-tested
pharmaceutical drugs. Phytotherapy, and phytochemistry work to apply
modern standards of effectiveness testing to herbs and medicines that are
derived from natural sources. The scope of herbal medicine is sometimes
extended to include fungal and bee products, as well as minerals, shells
and certain animal parts.
Culinary Herbs and Spices List
Chinese Medicine Database
Chinese Medicinal Herb Farm
Blue Ridge Center
Family Herbal Remedies
Medicinal Herbal Root Teas
Growing Herbs Info-Graph
is a treatment to cure a disease
or ailment that employs certain spices, vegetables, or other common items.
Home remedies may or may not have medicinal properties that treat or cure
the disease or ailment in question, as they are typically passed along by
Natural Health Information
Alternative Medicine (Healer)
are practices claimed
to have the healing effects of medicine but almost impossible to prove.
Alternative Medicine Types
is a style of
traditional Asian medicine informed by modern medicine but built on a
foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that
includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na),
exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy. It is primarily used as a
complementary alternative medicine approach. TCM is widely used in
China and is becoming increasingly prevalent in Europe and North America.
have been identified
and used throughout human history. Plants make many chemical compounds
that are for biological functions, including defence against insects,
fungi and herbivorous mammals. At least 12,000 such compounds have been
isolated so far; a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total.
Chemical compounds in plants mediate their effect on the human body
through processes identical to those already well understood for the
chemical compounds in conventional drugs; thus herbal medicines do not
differ greatly from conventional drugs in terms of how they work. This
enables herbal medicines to have beneficial pharmacology, but also gives
them the same potential as conventional pharmaceutical drugs to cause
harmful side effects. Moreover, plant material comes with a variety of
compounds which may have undesired effects, though these can be reduced by
Medicinal Plant Database
is the process of the
restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism.
is a form of alternative
medicine employing a wide array of pseudoscientific practices branded as
"natural" and as promoting "self-healing," including homeopathy,
herbalism, and acupuncture, as well as diet and lifestyle counseling.
Complementary - Alternative
Alternatives for Healing
is one term for a medical professional who
formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons and
patients. The modern pharmacist (also colloquially referred to as a
chemist in British English) has taken over this role and in some languages
and regions the word is still used to refer to a retail pharmacy or a
pharmacist who owns one. The apothecaries' investigation of herbal and
chemical ingredients was a precursor to the modern sciences of chemistry
Doctrine of Signatures
states that herbs
resembling various parts of the body can be used by herbalists to treat
ailments of those body parts. A theological justification, as stated by
botanists such as William Coles, was that God would have wanted to show
men what plants would be useful for.
claims that a substance that
causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people would cure similar
symptoms in sick people. Large-scale studies have found homeopathy to be
no more effective than a
that any positive feelings that follow treatment are only due to the
placebo effect and normal recovery from illness.
Just One Drop Homeopathy
Natural Healers Directory
Alliance for Natural Health
Diatomaceous Earth 15 Uses
Holistic Medicine Center
C. A. M.
Foraging for Wild Foods
Ayurveda Yoga Retreat
The New Medicine
does not Mean Safe
is any pharmaceutical drug product
manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological
sources. Different from totally synthesized pharmaceuticals, they include
vaccines, blood, blood components, allergenics, somatic cells, gene
therapies, tissues, recombinant therapeutic protein, and living cells used
in cell therapy. Biologics can be composed of sugars, proteins, or nucleic
acids or complex combinations of these substances, or may be living cells
or tissues. They (or their precursors or components) are isolated from
living sources—human, animal, plant, fungal, or microbial.
North Korean Pharmaceutical
or expanded access,
also called “compassionate use,” provides a pathway for patients to gain
access to investigational drugs, biologics and medical devices for serious
diseases or conditions.
refers to the use of an
investigational new drug (IND) outside of a clinical trial by patients
with serious or life-threatening conditions who do not meet the enrollment
criteria for the clinical trial in progress. (pre-approval access).
is a condition or
factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due
to the harm that it would cause the patient. Contraindication is the
, which is a reason to use a
certain treatment or reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure,
is a branch of
medicine dealing with research, prevention and treatment of disorders
caused by lifestyle factors such as nutrition, physical inactivity, and
chronic stress. In the clinic, major barriers to lifestyle counseling are
that physicians feel ill prepared and are skeptical about their patients'
Life Style Medicine
Center for Natural Products Research
(beautyberry) Repels Mosquitoes.
is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or
other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving
food. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are the leaves, flowers,
or stems from plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. Sometimes, spices
may be ground into a powder for convenience. Many spices have
antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly
used in warmer climates, which have more infectious diseases, and why the
use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to
spoiling. Spices are sometimes used in medicine, religious rituals,
cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable.
The Spice House
crushed red pepper
or ground cayenne.
is an entheogenic brew made
out of Banisteriopsis caapi vine and the Psychotria viridis leaf. The brew
is used as a traditional spiritual medicine in ceremonies among the
Indigenous peoples of Amazonia.
is a system of medicine with
historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. Globalized and modernized
practices derived from Ayurveda traditions are a type of complementary or
alternative medicine. In the Western world, Ayurveda therapies and
practices (which are manifold) have been integrated in general wellness
applications and as well in some cases in medical use
is a species of flowering
plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. The plant is native to most
of Europe and northern and central Asia, but has widely naturalised
elsewhere in the world. Plantago major is one of the most abundant and
widely distributed medicinal crops in the world. A poultice of the leaves
can be applied to wounds, stings, and sores in order to facilitate healing
and prevent infection. The active chemical constituents are aucubin (an
anti-microbial agent), allantoin (which stimulates cellular growth and
tissue regeneration), and mucilage (which reduces pain and discomfort).
Plantain has astringent properties, and a tea made from the leaves can be
ingested to treat diarrhea and soothe raw internal membranes. Broadleaf
plantain is also a highly nutritious wild edible, that is high in calcium
and vitamins A, C, and K. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and
the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten.