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Journalism is the work and distribution of reports on the interaction of events, facts, ideas, and people that are the "news of the day", which is suppose to help inform society, but sadly this is not always the case.
Media Literacy - News Sources

Journalism Hero's - Films about Journalism - Citizen Journalism - Editing Help - Journalism Education

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Journalists Freedom of the Press is the Freedom of Communication and expression through mediums including various electronic media and published materials. While such freedom mostly implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state, its preservation may be sought through constitutional or other legal protections.

Human Rights - Freedom of Information - Education Rights

"Journalism is the protection between people and any sort of totalitarian rule. That's why my hero, admittedly a flawed one, is a journalist." ~ Andrew Vachss

"Journalism can never be silent: that is its greatest virtue and its greatest fault. It must speak, and speak immediately, while the echoes of wonder, the claims of triumph and the signs of horror are still in the air."

Journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information. A journalist's work is called journalism. A journalist can work with general issues or specialize in certain issues. However, most journalists tend to specialize, and by cooperating with other journalists, produce journals that span many topics.

Witness is an international organization that trains and supports people using video in their fight for Human Rights.

Global Witness exposes the hidden links between demand for natural resources, corruption, armed conflict and environmental destruction.

Watch Dogs are guardians or defenders against theft or illegal practices or waste.

Report is a written document describing the findings of some individual or group. The act of informing by verbal report. A short account of the news. Announce as the result of an investigation or experience or finding. To give an account or representation of in words. Minus the Propaganda

Reporter is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information.

Correspondent is usually a journalist or commentator for magazines, or more speaking, an agent who contributes reports to a newspaper, or radio or television news, or another type of company, from a remote, often distant, location.

News Anchor is a person who presents news during a news program on television, on the radio or on the Internet.

News is Information about recent and important events. Informal information of any kind that is not previously known to someone. News - the way it should be

Muckraker was used in the Progressive Era to characterize reform-minded American journalists who wrote largely for all popular magazines. The modern term is investigative journalism, and investigative journalists today are often informally called "muckrakers." They relied on their own reporting and often worked to expose social ills and corporate and political corruption.

Henry Anatole Grunwald (December 3, 1922 – February 26, 2005) was an Austrian-born journalist and diplomat perhaps best known for his position as managing editor of TIME magazine and editor in chief of Time, Inc. In 2001, he was awarded the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class.

Journalism Hero's

Causative is a valency-increasing operation that indicates that a subject causes someone or something else to do or be something, or causes a change in state of a non-volitional event. Prototypically, it brings in a new argument (the causer), A, into a transitive clause, with the original S becoming the O.


Journalism Knowledge Resources

Women Reporter Journalism Ethics and Standards comprise principles of ethics and of good practice as applicable to the specific challenges faced by journalists.

Journalistic Objectivity is a significant principle of journalistic professionalism. Journalistic objectivity can refer to fairness, disinterestedness, factuality, and nonpartisanship, but most often encompasses all of these qualities.

Journalism Types

Investigative Journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corruption, or corporate wrongdoing.

Investigate is to conduct an inquiry or investigation of. A systematic investigation of a matter of public interest. A search for knowledge.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists
Investigative Reporting
Investigated Reporters
Global Investigative Journalism Network

Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting

Private Investigator is a person who can be hired by individuals or groups to undertake investigatory law services. (private eye, private detective, inquiry agent).

Criminal Investigation is an applied science that involves the study of facts, used to identify, locate and prove the guilt of an accused criminal. A complete criminal investigation can include searching, interviews, interrogations, evidence collection and preservation and various methods of investigation. Modern-day criminal investigations commonly employ many modern scientific techniques known collectively as forensic science. Criminal investigation is an ancient science that may have roots as far back as c. 1700 BCE in the writings of the Code of Hammurabi. In the code it is suggested that both the accuser and accused had the right to present evidence they collected. In the modern era criminal investigations are most often done by government police forces. Private investigators are also commonly hired to complete or assist in criminal investigations.

Principal Investigator is the holder of an independent grant administered by a university and the lead researcher for the grant project, usually in the sciences, such as a laboratory study or a clinical trial. The phrase is also often used as a synonym for "head of the laboratory" or "research group leader." While the expression is common in the sciences, it is used widely for the person or persons who make final decisions and supervise funding and expenditures on a given research project.

Detective is an investigator, usually a member of a law enforcement agency. Some are private persons, and may be known as private investigators or "private eyes".

Informant is a person who provides privileged information about a person or organization to an agency.


Marine National Facility Investigator News Embargo is a request by a source that the information or news provided by that source not be published until a certain date or certain conditions have been met.

Journalism Sourcing is a person, publication, or other record or document that gives timely information.

Pseudonym or Alias, is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their original or true name.


Data-Driven Journalism is a process based on analyzing and filtering large data sets for the purpose of creating a news story.

Evidence-Based Journalism (wikitribune)
Evidence (scientific research)

Gonzo Journalism is a style of journalism that is written without claims of objectivity, often including the reporter as part of the story via a first-person narrative.

The Bureau Investigates
The Five W's

Interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given  PDF



Visual Journalism is the practice of strategically combining words and images to convey information. Visual Journalist

Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.

Crowd Funded Visual Journalism
Citizen Journalism

Find a Photographer
American Society of Media Photographers
Missouri Photo Journalism
Photography Knowledge and Lessons
Photography Services
Press Photographers Association

Documentary Photography usually refers to a popular form of photography used to chronicle events or environments both significant and relevant to history and historical events as well as everyday life. It is typically covered in professional photojournalism, or real life reportage, but it may also be an amateur, artistic, or academic pursuit.

Environmental Journalism is the collection, verification, production, distribution and exhibition of information regarding current events, trends, issues and people that are associated with the non-human world with which humans necessarily interact,

Backpack Journalist is an emerging form of journalism that requires a journalist to be a reporter, photographer, and videographer, as well as an editor and producer of stories.

Knowledge Based Reporting
Fairness & Accuracy Reporting

What is the News supposed to be?

Social Documentary
Film Schools

Reporters Without Borders

Media Literacy

Editing - Proof Reading

Editing Spelling Mistakes Speech Error commonly referred to as a slip of the tongue or misspeaking, is a deviation (conscious or unconscious) from the apparently intended form of an utterance. They can be subdivided into spontaneously and inadvertently produced speech errors and intentionally produced word-plays or puns. Another distinction can be drawn between production and comprehension errors. Errors in speech production and perception are also called performance errors.

Typoglycemia are cognitive processes behind reading written text. The word appears to be a portmanteau of "typo", as in typographical error, and "hypoglycemia". It is an urban legend/Internet meme that appears to have an element of truth to it. The legend, propagated by email and message boards, purportedly demonstrates that readers can understand the meaning of words in a sentence even when the interior letters of each word are scrambled. As long as all the necessary letters are present, and the first and last letters remain the same, readers appear to have little trouble reading the text.

Copy Editing is the process of taking raw material (the "copy": anything from a novel to a web page) and improving the formatting, style, and accuracy of the text. The goal of copy editing is to ensure that content is accurate, easy to follow, fit for its purpose, and free of error, omission, inconsistency, and repetition. In the context of publication in print, copy editing is done before typesetting and again before proofreading, the final step in the editorial cycle.

Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible, and film media used to convey information. The editing process can involve correction, condensation, organization, and many other modifications performed with an intention of producing a correct, consistent, accurate and complete work.

Proofreading is the reading of a galley proof or an electronic copy of a publication to detect and correct production errors of text or art. Proofreaders are expected to be consistently accurate by default because they occupy the last stage of typographic production before publication.

Galley Proof are the preliminary versions of publications meant for review by authors, editors, and proofreaders, often with extra-wide margins. Galley proofs may be uncut and unbound, or in some cases electronically published. They are created for proofreading and copyediting purposes, but may be used for promotional and review purposes also.

Fact Checking is the act of checking factual assertions in non-fictional text in order to determine the veracity and correctness of the factual statements in the text. This may be done either before (ante hoc) or after (post hoc) the text has been published or otherwise disseminated.


Editing Help
Copy Editor
Editing - Proofreading
Proof Read My File
Global Writers
Proof Reading
Grammar Checking
All Correct
Spell Checking Software

Writing Tips
Linguistic intelligence
Communication Skills
Resources for Writers

Use Google Translator to hear what you have written, copy and paste and listen for errors.

Translation Tools (google)

I Universe
Journal Experts
Authors Guild

Online Writing Jobs
I Freelance

Copyright Information

Online Books

All Publicists 
Press Release Distribution
Free Publicity
Public Relations
Public Relations Society
PR News Channel
PR Newswire
Holmes Report

Associated Press

Traveling Journalist
National Travel Writers Association
Travel Advice - Travel Tools

Internet Searching Tips 
Problem Solving Skills

Freedom of Speech

First Amendment
Freedom of Speech

Freedom of the Press is the freedom of communication and expression through mediums including various electronic media and published materials. While such freedom mostly implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state, its preservation may be sought through constitutional or other legal protections.

Freedom of the Press Foundation

Fiefdom of Speech (youtube)
Trevor Timm, How free is our freedom of the press? (video Interactive text)

Article 19 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Article 19
Human Rights

Principles of a Free Society

Free Speech Zone are areas set aside in public places for the purpose of political protesting. The First Amendment to the United States Constitution states that "Congress shall make no law... abridging... the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." The existence of free speech zones is based on U.S. court decisions stipulating that the government may regulate the time, place, and manner—but not content—of expression.

Free Speech TV
Freedom Forum

Freedom of Information Act is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government. The Act defines agency records subject to disclosure, outlines mandatory disclosure procedures and grants nine exemptions to the statute.

State Freedom of Information Laws
Information Laws by Country
Information Protection

Gag Order - Suppression

Injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts. A party that fails to comply with an injunction faces criminal or civil penalties, including possible monetary sanctions and even imprisonment. They can also be charged with contempt of court. Counterinjunctions are injunctions that stop or reverse the enforcement of another injunction.

Temporary Restraining Orders is a short-term civil order issued by a judge or magistrate in state or federal court. The order forbids a person from engaging in some threatened action against someone else (typically having contact with someone else).

Protection of Sources is a right accorded to journalists under the laws of many countries, as well as under international law. It prohibits authorities, including the courts, from compelling a journalist to reveal the identity of an anonymous source for a story. The right is based on a recognition that without a strong guarantee of anonymity, many would be deterred from coming forward and sharing information of public interests with journalists. As a result, problems such as corruption or crime might go undetected and unchallenged, to the ultimate detriment of society as a whole. In spite of any such legal protections, the pervasive use of traceable electronic communications by journalists and their sources provides governments with a tool to determine the origin of information. In the United States, the federal government legally contends that no such protection exists for journalists. Sometimes also referred to as the confidentiality of sources or in the U.S. as the reporter's privilege. Expert

Source is a person, publication, or other record or document that gives timely information. Outside journalism, sources are sometimes known as "news sources". Examples of sources include official records, publications or broadcasts, officials in government or business, organizations or corporations, witnesses of crime, accidents or other events, and people involved with or affected by a news event or issue.

Reliable Sources (discusses the reliability of various types of sources)

Citations (plagiarism)

Whistle Blowers (if you see something, say something)

Coalition against Censorship

Reporters without Borders

Independent News

American Civil Liberties

Photographing Police

Legal Help

Reporters Committee
Media Law Resource

Professional Photographers
Professional Journalists

Government Agencies

Journalism Hero's

George Seldes was an American investigative journalist, foreign correspondent, editor, author, and media critic best known for the publication of the newsletter In Fact from 1940 to 1950. He was an investigative reporter-- what the early 20th century called a muckraker. Like them he used his journalism to fight injustice and justify reform. But the public mood had changed, and
the demand for muckraking was much weaker on the part of the readership. His career, according to historian Helen Fordham, demonstrates that those who crusaded too vehemently crossed a line and seemed to violate new standards of impartiality and objectivity. His work was often criticized as too radical. (November 16, 1890 – July 2, 1995)
Tell the Truth and Run: George Seldes and the American Press (1996) (youtube, 1:51mins.)
Lords of the Press Hardcover – 1938 (amazon)

George Polk Awards
Pulitzer Prize
List of George Polk Award Winners
Ridenhour Prizes
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists
Whistle Blowing

Protect Journalists - 67 journalists killed worldwide in 2012.

Committee to Protect Journalists
Journalists killed in 10 years Info-Graph
International Center for Journalists
Wiki Leaks
Bloggers Killed 2015

Environmental Hero's being Murdered - Journalism Activists
Ignorant criminals are murdering people who are trying to protect the land, air and water, as well as, protecting human rights and freedoms, from destructive industries.

Public Integrity investigative journalism on issues of public concern.

Global Integrity

International Consortium
Global Issues

Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organisation's own assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year. It intends to reflect the degree of freedom that journalists, news organisations, and netizens have in each country, and the efforts made by authorities to respect this freedom. Reporters Without Borders is careful to note that the index only deals with press freedom and does not measure the quality of journalism nor does it look at human rights violations in general.

Society of News Editors
Journalism News
Journalism All Top
Power Reporting
Secrecy News
Greg Palast
Robert Niles
Bryan Christy
The Well
Radio TV Digital News

Daily Show's Hasan Minhaj White House Correspondents' Dinner full monologue (youtube, Published on April 29th, 2017). This comedian is absolutely brilliant. Not only were the satirical jokes funny, but the looks on the faces in the crowd were incredibly funny, almost as funny as the jokes, almost. It's funny because it's true. The White House Press Corps are as pathetic as the administration they claim to investigate in order to keep the public informed. Yes it is extremely difficult to report on our government that considers lying a form of communication, but still that is not an excuse to become accessories to the crimes being committed by our government. When people have to get the truth from satirical comedy, we are all in serious  trouble. It's funny, but at the same time, it's so pathetic. I understand that some people don't have a sense of humor, but most don't see how pathetic they really are. Afraid to laugh, afraid to admit your flaws, or just plain arrogant or ignorant. This is a sad reminder that free speech is useless if you never say anything relevant or important. Free speech is useless if ignorant people control the media and the dialog. Censorship is as poisonous as Propaganda.

White House Press Corps is the group of journalists, correspondents, or members of the media usually stationed at the White House in Washington, D.C., to cover the President of the United States, White House events, and news briefings. Their offices are located in the West Wing.

Crooked Media

Journalism Education

Film Editing Journalism School is where journalists are trained with technical skills such as research skills, interviewing technique and shorthand and academic studies in media theory, cultural studies and ethics.

Online Journalism Review - Online Journalism Training

Knight Digital Media Center - Helping good journalism and good journalists thrive in the Digital Now.

Journalism & Women Symposium
Megan Kamerick: Women Should Represent women in Media (video) 
Eman Mohammed (video) 
Online News Association
Inter News Media Training
American Press Institute
Journalism Education
News University
National Press Club 
Association for Education
in Journalism and Mass Communication (wiki)

High School Journalism
Student News Website
Teenage Generated News
Student Press Review
Student Press Law Center

Kansas Student Newspaper's Fact Check Results In New Principal's Resignation

J Ideas
Know your Rights

Media Literacy Education

Writing Tips - Talking

Public Media
Scholastic Press Assoc
Collegiate Press Assoc
School of Communication
Journo World
Frontline Club

News Lab
News 21

Day Life Cloud Publishing

10,000 Words - Resource for Journalists

Pen 3,400 Professional Members who represent the most distinguished writers, translators, and editors in the United States.

Media Literacy Education

Media Literacy Info 

Future of Journalism - Experiential Journalism
Digital Journalist
Journalism Crisis
Saving American Journalism

Our Blook
Save the News
Bright Future for Journalism
Reconstruction of Journalism
TV One World
Charles Lewis
Project Report (youtube)  

History Commons summaries of 16,054 events.

British Library holds 14 million books, 920,000 journal and newspaper titles, 58 million patents, 3 million sound recordings, 40 million news pages to go digital and more.

Content 4 Reprint

Google Blog Search
Library Blog Bridge
Fair Blog
Blog Catalog
Blog Herald

Blog Creator
Word Press Blog Creator
Word Press Website Maker

Eppy Awards
Honoring the best Websites offered by newspapers, television, magazine and radio companies.

Information Sources

Films about Journalism

Tell the Truth and Run: George Seldes and the American Press (1996) (youtube, 1:51mins.)

Reporter is a 2009 documentary film about the work of New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Executive produced by Ben Affleck and directed by Eric Daniel Metzgar, the HBO movie captures life in the war-ravaged African country and specifically focuses on the challenges faced by international correspondents in covering the region's crises.

John Pilger: Real Journalism (youtube)

Kill the Messenger (2014) (wiki) - focuses on CIA involvement in Contra cocaine trafficking.

The Trouble with the Truth - A Documentary film about South Africa's Apartheid, when Journalists were Activists.

Finding Hillywood

Journalism: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube)

War Photographer Film (amazon) - Website - James Nachtwey (wiki)

Shooting Robert King is a 2008 documentary film directed by Richard Parry. It documents photojournalist Robert King over 15 years and through 3 different war zones. The films splices footage from his time working in war zones with footage of him home with his family in Tennessee.

Inspirational video about how extremely important Journalism is in reporting injustices around the world.
America and Lewis Hine (1984) (video)
Lewis Hine (wiki)
Historic child Labor Photos by Lewis Hine
Hine Photos
Child Labor in the United States

A horrific look at some of the worlds most abused workers on the planet.
Workingman's Death (2005) 127:17 (video)
Working Mans Death

Oren Yakobovich: Hidden Cameras that film injustice in the world's most dangerous places (video)

An AP investigation helps free slaves in the 21st century. Over the course of 18 months, Associated Press journalists located men held in cages, tracked ships and stalked refrigerated trucks to expose the abusive practices of the fishing industry in Southeast Asia. The reporters’ dogged effort led to the release of more than 2,000 slaves and traced the seafood they caught to supermarkets and pet food providers across the U.S. For this investigation, AP has won the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Public
Service. The articles are presented here in their entirety.

How the Panama Papers journalists broke the biggest leak in history: Gerard Ryle (video and interactive text)

International Consortium of Investigative Journalists is an active global network of 185 reporters in more than 65 countries who collaborate on in-depth investigative stories.

Whistle Blowers Unite

Fifth Estate is a socio-cultural reference to groupings of outlier viewpoints in contemporary society, and is most associated with bloggers, journalists, and non-mainstream media outlets. The "Fifth" Estate extends the sequence of the three classical Estates of the Realm and the preceding Fourth Estate, essentially the mainstream press. The use of "fifth estate" dates to the 1960s counterculture, and in particular the influential The Fifth Estate, an underground newspaper first published in Detroit in 1965.

The Fifth Estate (film) is a 2013 film directed by Bill Condon, about the news-reporting website WikiLeaks. The film stars Benedict Cumberbatch as its editor-in-chief and founder Julian Assange, and Daniel Brühl as its former spokesperson Daniel Domscheit-Berg. WikiRebels - The Documentary (1/4) (youtube)


Citizen Journalism - News Reporting Apps

Citizen Journalism is based upon public citizens playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing, and disseminating news and information. An alternative and activist form of newsgathering and reporting that functions outside mainstream media institutions, often as a response to shortcomings in the professional journalistic field, that uses similar journalistic practices but is driven by different objectives and ideals and relies on alternative sources of legitimacy than traditional or mainstream journalism. When the people formerly known as the audience employ the press tools they have in their possession to inform one another. (also known as "public journalism", "participatory journalism", "democratic journalism", "guerrilla journalism" or "street journalism").

List of Citizen Journalism Websites
Citizen Journalism

Mobile Reporting is a trend emerging in the field of news and content generation. The term describes the use of a mobile phone as a reporting tool. The user creates text, photo and video that combined produces a multimedia based report. The content is edited on the phone before being uploaded to the internet via mobile network or Internet connection. Usually mobile reporting is used for publishing to the web. This is particularly the case with video as the technology does not yet allow for the production of high end video. However, the low quality is suitable for Internet. Mobile reporting is particularly relevant in areas that lack modern Internet infrastructure (Sub Sahara Africa, Central Asia, South America, Latin America). The mobile phone is low in cost when compared to more traditional reporting equipment.

User-Generated Content is defined as "any form of content such as blogs, wikis, discussion forums, posts, chats, tweets, podcasts, digital images, video, audio files, advertisements and other forms of media that was created by users of an online system or service, often made available via social media websites". It is also called user-created content (UCC).

Global Citizen organizes massive global campaigns to amplify the actions of Global Citizens from around the world.

Top Android apps for citizen journalists and mobile reporters in tough environments

Atavist Make a story, design it your way, share it.

Cover it Live live-event publishing platform since 2007.

Live Leak

Live Stream Video Chat is the best way to discover talented broadcasters, watch live streams and video chat live with people from around the world.


Bambuser is a mobile video technology for organizations and app developers. Mobile live video capabilities using robust and proven SDKs, APIs, a turnkey app, scalable infrastructure and video delivery.

Witness makes it possible for anyone, anywhere to use video and technology to protect and defend Human Rights.

Lab Witness Media Lab is dedicated to unleashing the potential of eyewitness video as a powerful tool to report, monitor, and advocate for human rights.

Hardbound mobile-based storytelling.

Facebook Live Videos

Solocam selfie stick that integrates a new and improved stick design with a high definition sound and recording system.

MeCam NeoMe Mini Wearable Video Camera gives you the option for the first time to shoot in first person POV (Clip Mount/Magnet Mount) or shoot yourself in third person POV(magnet, suction, sticky mount). Additionally, our waterproof case (compatible with all third party action camera mounts) lets you capture any action sports and activities. So wear it, stick it somewhere or mount it….the possibilities are endless like your life! Our high-quality Sony sensor makes sure that everything you capture is in crisp HD resolution (Full 1080P and 8MP). Our fully integrated smart phone app gives you the ability to shoot time lapse photography (5 options), one touch 15 second capture and social sharing, and the option to shoot in Wide Angle.

Video Monitoring

Video Tools - Audio Tools

Collaboration Tools

Eyewitness Video on YouTube
YouTube Newswire (youtube)

Attn delivers engaging content to a mobile-first audience. Every day we produce videos, articles and commentary telling stories worth your attention.

AJ Plus Al Jazeera Media Network.

A Pocket Guide on Verifying Details of a Video
Verification Handbook
Citizen Evidence Verifying
Investigative Dashboard

Think Progress news site dedicated to providing our readers with rigorous reporting and analysis from a progressive
perspective. Founded in 2005.

Press Reference

Online News Association’s “Hack Curriculum” Fund for Innovation in Journalism Education.

High School Journalism

Independent News Sources

Relevance Today (new concept for news reporting in the early stages of development)

Open Data

Man with Binoculars

The Thinker Man